Effects of messaging about multiple biomedical and behavioral HIV prevention methods on intentions to use among US MSM: results of an experimental messaging study
Combining multiple biomedical and behavioral HIV prevention approaches is a priority for at-risk populations such as men who have sex with men (MSM), and it is essential to understand how receiving messages about multiple approaches impacts attitudes and intentions for their use. We examined whether receiving combinations of different HIV prevention messages produced differences in perceived benefits and costs of condom use, and in intentions to use condoms and biomedical prevention approaches. MSM (N = 803) were recruited online and were randomly assigned to view informational messages about one, two, or four of the following prevention options: pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), non-occupational post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP), rectal microbicides, and condoms. The number of HIV prevention messages did not produce differential attitudes and intentions regarding condoms, nor did it produce changes in attitudes towards unprotected sex. Receiving multiple messages was associated with greater intentions to use PrEP and nPEP, but not rectal microbicides.